Orthopaedics is the field of medicine that focuses on surgery on, or manipulation of, the musculoskeletal system. The surgical specialty was originally focused on developmental deformities and the effects of polio in children, but today it has expanded significantly to address all the conditions and diseases affecting the musculoskeletal system in individuals of all ages. Orthopaedics conditions can be treated operatively and non operatively with medications, physical therapy, exercise, alternate therapies or by a host of surgical procedures, including some that are minimally invasive and thus less traumatic to the body than traditional open surgery. The overall goal of orthopaedic treatments is to preserve or restore the musculoskeletal system.
A broken bone is a common event. Given time and the right care, the bone is able to heal itself. A plaster cast is applied to hold the arm or leg fracture in place while the bone heals. On average, plaster casts stay on for about six weeks. This time is sometimes longer or shorter, depending on your age, general health and type of fracture.
Reduction of fractures
Reduction is a surgical procedure to repair a fracture or dislocation to the correct alignment. Fracture reduction is the term used to describe how a bone is fixed or set after a fracture. The pieces of bone must be put in close proximity to one another so that healing can occur.
Implant removal represents one of the most common operations in bone and joint surgery. Surgical stabilisation has become integral to the management of orthopaedic trauma, and most options for the repair of orthopaedic injury involve the application of some type of implant. Titanium alloys and stainless steel are generally employed for the manufacture of orthopaedic implants.
Open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) is a surgery to fix severely broken bones. It’s only used for serious fractures that can’t be treated with a cast or splint. These injuries are usually fractures that are displaced, unstable, or those that involve the joint. Open reduction means a surgeon makes an incision to re-align the bone.
Nailing/Plating of broken bones
Fractures of the humorous are commonly treated without an operation. Plating is achieved by exposing the fracture site, fixing a plate to the bone and securing it with screws. Intramedullary nailing is performed through small cuts in the skin.
Debridement is the removal of dead (necrotic) or infected skin tissue to help a wound heal. The procedure is essential for wounds that aren’t getting better. Usually, these wounds are trapped in the first stage of healing. When bad tissue is removed, the wound can restart the healing process.
And other Orthopedic procedures …
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